教程6: 如何在OpticsViewer中获取原型样机镜头的实时成本估价

我们经常会用到“为生产而设计”这样的表述,来描述生产制造中需要考虑的因素是如何加入到光学设计流程中的。OpticsViewer 中包含了支持 “为生产而设计” 的多种功能。成本估计功能将这一概念推向了新的高度,用户使用该工具可以直接从制造商那里获得实时成本估算。该工具用到的XML 文件是用 ISO 10110制图中的数据生成的,确保了数据无缝交换。

作者 Alina Shmidt

附件下载

附件

简介

OpticsViewer中包含了支持 “为生产而设计” 的多项功能。成本估计功能将这一概念推向了新的高度,用户使用此工具可以发送镜头数据给加工商从而直接获取实时成本估计。这样设计者就能够看到镜头形状、大小、材料、膜层、质量以及数量对成本的影响。此功能在光学设计行业中是前所未有的。

本教程将介绍如何使用成本估计工具。

注册供应商

使用成本估计工具前,用户必需先向供应商注册。根据下文的指导进行供应商注册。

Optimax

有关Optimax估算器使用情况的完整说明,请参阅文章附件部分提供的下载文档。请注意,虽然附件文档是为OpticStudio用户编写的,但其内容同样适用于OpticSViewer用户。

这里进入Optimax 估价网站,然后单击链接进行注册。

完成对所需供应商的注册后,打开OpticsViewer并点击系统选项>成本估计>供应商管理。点击所需供应商并输入由厂商提供的用户名和密码。对话框关闭后,信息被保存并且估算器已可以使用。

Manage Providers

密码可以通过系统选项下的供应商导出按钮以加密的形式保存。之后,如需重新加载密码,可以通过供应商导入按钮来导入。

使用成本估计工具

在OpticsViewer中的两个位置可以找到成本估计工具。可以从生产的下拉列表中或者ISO元件制图的专门选项卡中开启成本估计工具:

Cost Estimator

ISO Drawing Cost Estimates Tab

该工具需要使用由ISO 10110制图提供的一些信息来给出成本估计。包括透镜形状,尺寸,材料,膜层,和质量(公差)都是需要的。公差信息需要通过点击设置...常规选项卡中的TDE重置按钮来获取。请注意成本估计工具并不考虑所有的ISO输入设置;成本估计工具用到的设置根据供应商不同而有所差异。详情请查阅下面的指定供应商信息。当用到的所有信息都列在ISO10110制图中时,用户可以继续定义成本估计工具的其他设置。

Optimax 成本估计工具支持的参数

当使用Optimax来做成本估计时,将考虑以下输入信息(下图中高亮显示的部分):

Fields Considered For Optimax

Fields Considered for Optimax

Fields Considered for Optimax

上面第一张图中的半径输入定义如下:

  • 有效直径:表面通光孔径(该有效半径区域必须同时满足形状公差和表面公差)。
  • 直径:有效直径加延伸区尺寸(该区域上表面形状连续)。对于凹面,也称缺口。
  • 直径(平的):整个抛光零件的直径。对于凹面,此直径为缺口直径再加(矢高为零)平的区域。对凸面,直径和直径(平的)通常值相同。

Diameter Definitions

生成成本估计

当用ISO 10110制图打开成本估计时,会使用当前配置的镜头来进行成本估计。由用户来定义要用的加工商和要估价的元件数量。可以使用分号分隔多个数量值同时获取报价。

Cost Estimation Per Quantity

当正确定义设置后,点击确定,估价工具会从选定的供应商那里获取成本估计。如果单位成本返回为零,则需检查镜头数据中的错误信息。

从生产下拉菜单中打开的成本估计工具功能也类似但多了一些选项。该工具从XML文件(由ISO10110直通生成)或者ZMX文件中加载镜头数据。用户也可以在此工具中通过手动输入镜头数据直接创建一个新的零件。可以同时加载多个镜头。在工具上方的列表中选择某一零件,这个零件的表面数据和材料数据就会列在对话框的中间。点击刷新估计之后,会在对话框底部给出预估成本。

Cost Estimator From Tolerance Tab

厂商限制和信息

成本估计在可以使用的值,无论是镜头详细数据,成本估计设置,还是公差方面都有一些限制。下面列出了目前支持的供应商的一些限制及有关信息。

Optimax

请参考文章附件中的Optimax成本估计文档查阅完整信息。这个工具有助于了解镜头属性如何影响返回的预估价格。请注意,虽然附件是为OpticStudio用户编写的,但其内容仍然适用于OpticsViewer用户。

估价工具是根据Optimax能在 1 周内交付光学原型样机而设计的,所以使用上会局限在一定条件内。例如,镜头详细数据中使用的玻璃必须是在OpticsViewer的默认OPTIMAX材料库中。另外如,公差输入项有最小允许值限制(精度限制)。有关整套完整的成本估算使用边界条件,请参阅Optimax成本估计文档。请注意,Optimax的全部实际制造能力范围要广泛得多。

当使用Optimax作为供应商时,如果提交的数据违反了上述任何限制,将返回错误消息。下面是错误代码列表。

001

The submitted XML File has transmission errors. Please resubmit or contact Zemax customer service.

002

Missing part side.

003

Invalid surface type on Left Surface. Only Standard and Even Aspheres are supported at this time.

004

Invalid surface type on Right Surface. Only Standard and Even Aspheres are supported at this time.

100

Log In failed. To register for the Optimax Estimator go to estimator.optimaxsi.com and click Register.

101

Your Estimator account has expired. To renew contact estimator@optimaxsi.com

110

Quantity must be between 1 and 10 for estimates.

111

Radius must be between 10mm and 1500mm.

112

Edge Thickness at diameter (flat) must be 1mm or greater.

113

Left Surface: R/numbers faster than R/1 are not supported.

114

Right Surface: R/numbers faster than R/1 are not supported.

115

Left surface is plano and 3/A must be more than 1fr for Optimax Cost Estimates.

116

Right surface is plano and 3/A must be more than 1fr for Optimax Cost Estimates.

117

Left Surface: Form Error 3/B is required for Optimax Cost Estimates.

118

Right Surface: Form Error 3/B is required for Optimax Cost Estimates.

119

Left Surface: Form Error 3/C is not supported in Optimax Cost Estimates.

120

Right Surface: Form Error 3/C is not supported in Optimax Cost Estimates.

121

Left Surface: RMS values for Form Error are not considered in Optimax Cost Estimates.

122

Right Surface: RMS values for Form Error are not considered in Optimax Cost Estimates.

123

Left surface is plano and must have power set for Optimax Cost Estimates.

124

Right surface is plano and must have power set for Optimax Cost Estimates.

125

Left Surface: Must have either radius or a power or both for Optimax Cost Estimates.

126

Right Surface: Must have either radius or a power or both for Optimax Cost Estimates.

127

Left surface: Conic Constant tolerances are not considered in Optimax Cost Estimates.

128

Right surface: Conic Constant tolerances are not considered in Optimax Cost Estimates.

200

The material that you have specified is not an Optimax Preferred Glass. Optimax processes most optical materials. Please contact a Sales Engineer.

201

Left Surface: The coating that you have specified is not an Optimax Coating. Please select an Optimax coating from the catalog.

202

Right Surface: The coating that you have specified is not an Optimax Coating. Please select an Optimax coating from the catalog.

203

Lens thickness is greater than standard glass strip thickness as supplied by glass manufacturer.

204

Lens width greater than glass strip width as supplied by glass manufacturer.

300

Material Thickness must be between 2mm and 100mm.

301

Material Thickness tolerance must be 0.05mm or greater total.

302

Left Surface: ISO Grade Number (5/A) must be greater or equal to 0.063

303

Right Surface: ISO Grade Number (5/A) must be greater or equal to 0.063

304

Left Surface: ISO Surface Imperfection (5/L_A'') must be greater than or equal to 0.001

305

Right Surface: ISO Surface Imperfection  (5/L_A'') must be greater than or equal to 0.001

306

Left Surface: Clear Aperture cannot be greater than 90% of the diameter (flat).

307

Right Surface: Clear Aperture cannot be greater than 90% of the diameter (flat).

308

Left Surface: Clear Aperture cannot be greater than 90% of the diameter (opening).

309

Right Surface: Clear Aperture cannot be greater than 90% of the diameter (opening).

310

Left Surface: Diameter (opening) cannot be larger than Diameter (flat).

311

Right Surface: Diameter (opening) cannot be larger than Diameter (flat).

312

Left Surface: Diameter (opening) cannot be less than Clear Aperture.

313

Right Surface: Diameter (opening) cannot be more than Clear Aperture.

314

Diameter (flat) with tolerances should be between {minimum-value} mm and 100mm.

315

The Material Thickness to Diameter (flat) aspect ratio should not be less than 1/5th of the Diameter (flat) and not more than 10 times the Diameter (flat).

316

Diameter (flat) tolerance must be 0.015mm or greater total.

317

Left Surface: The Diameter tolerance converts to a sag tolerance that is too small to measure (limit is +/-0.015 mm).

318

Right Surface: The Diameter tolerance converts to a sag tolerance that is too small to measure (limit is +/-0.015 mm).

319

Left Surface: Power Tolerance must be 1 fringe or greater.

320

Right Surface: Power Tolerance must be 1 fringe or greater.

321

Left Surface: Form Tolerance B should be no less than 0.2 fringes.

322

Right Surface: Form Tolerance B should be no less than 0.2 fringes.

323

The calculated Edge Thickness Difference tolerance is too small for the Cost Estimator.  Must be 0.005mm or greater. Please revise lens attributes or contact sales@optimaxsi.com for more information.

324

The RMS Roughness must be 10 Angstroms or greater.

325

{Side} aspheric surface: minimum local radius too small for the standard manufacturing tool. It may be possible, after deeper examination, to produce a shorter local radius with special tooling.  Please contact your Optimax Sales Engineer for more information.

326

{Side} aspheric surface: slope too high for the standard manufacturing tool. It may be possible, after deeper examination, to produce a shorter normal angle with special tooling.  Please contact your Optimax Sales Engineer for more information.

327

{Side} aspheric surface: sag of surface too large for profilometric measurement.  Please contact your Optimax Sales Engineer for more information.

KA-01883

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